Diabetic retinopathy, also referred to as diabetic disease, may be a medical condition during which damage occurs to the retina thanks to DM. It is a leading cause of blindness. Diabetic retinopathy affects up to 80% of these who have had diabetes for 20 years or more. At least 90% of latest cases might be reduced with proper treatment and monitoring of the eyes. The retina is the membrane that covers the back of the eye. It is highly sensitive to light. It converts any light that hits the eye into signals that can be interpreted by the brain. This process produces visual images, and it's how sight functions within the human eye. Diabetic retinopathy damages the blood vessels within the retinal tissue, causing them to leak fluid and warp vision.
Diabetic retinopathy is that the results of damage to the tiny blood vessels and neurons of the retina. The earliest changes prompting diabetic retinopathy incorporate narrowing of the retinal veins related with diminished retinal blood stream; brokenness of the neurons of the internal retina, followed in later stages by changes within the function of the outer retina, related to subtle changes in visual function; dysfunction of the blood-retinal barrier, which protects the retina from many substances in the blood resulting in the leaking of blood constituents into the retinal neuropile.
· What are the types of diabetic retinopathy?
· What are the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy?
· What causes diabetic retinopathy?
· How is diabetic diabetic retinopathy?
· How isdiabetic retinopathy treated?
· How is diabetic retinopathy prevented?